Emerging Gut Health Research
“A major epidemiological registry-based study from Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital indicates that Parkinson’s disease begins in the gastrointestinal tract; the study is the largest in the field so far.”
“A new study led by researchers at the University of Minnesota has found a three-way link among antibiotic use in infants, changes in the gut bacteria, and disease later in life.”
“Two recent EU-funded studies have expanded our understanding of how gut health in obese patients can influence disease progression.
“Scientists are now revealing that there is a strong link between what happens in the gut and the brain. The bacteria that reside in the gut appear to play an important role and are able to communicate with the central nervous system notably through neural, endocrine, and immune pathways. By influencing the balance and types of bacteria present, studies show that it may be possible to lower stress, [and] affect cognition/brain processes and mood.”
“The researchers concluded from studies of mice that ingesting artificial sweeteners might lead to—of all things—obesity and related ailments such as diabetes. This study was not the first to note this link in animals, but it was the first to find evidence of a plausible cause: the sweeteners appear to change the population of intestinal bacteria that direct metabolism, the conversion of food to energy or stored fuel.”
“The study, conducted by researchers from University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), could explain why some people remain healthy well into old age, while others develop serious diseases.”
“It has now been shown that 90% of the fibres in the vagus nerve (major gut-brain nerve) carry information from the gut to the brain, not the other way around,” says Buchan. Research shows that hundreds of mood-controlling neurochemicals used in the brain, including the famous serotonin, are actually produced and regulated by the gut microbiome. ”
“Scientific American shares that ongoing research makes it clear that our gut– our second brain– has a huge impact on our real brain. “The brain acts on gastrointestinal and immune functions that help to shape the gut’s microbial makeup, and gut microbes make neuroactive compounds, including neurotransmitters and metabolites that also act on the brain.” There is also a lot of work being done about the connection between gut health and autism. SA says that initial research in rodent studies show that autistic behavior might be rooted in the gut, rather than in the brain.”
“One of the largest probiotic clinical interventions has showed significant improvement in defecation frequency and abdoninal discomfort in 1200 British, French, and German citizens”
“The team, reporting in Science Translational Medicine, were analysing the billions of bugs that naturally call the human body home. Their analysis of 319 children showed they were at higher risk of asthma if four types of bacteria were missing.”
“Altering the intestinal microbiome of mice or administering microbial metabolites can induce or improve features of autism, an international group of researchers has found.”
“Taking a probiotic strain of Bifidobacterium longumreduced physiologic and psychological stress and led to a modest improvement in memory in a small pilot study of healthy men.”
“The gut is an important barrier for the body, protecting it from pathogens that might otherwise cause illness. While scientists have investigated the intestinal immune response to bacterial invaders, the response to viruses is not well understood.”
“Competition between different bacteria species in the gut is what keeps humans healthy, a study has suggested. The research, published in the journal Science, uses mathematical theory to suggest how microbes in the gut maintain stability.”
“University of Oregon scientists have found that strength in numbers doesn’t hold true for microbes in the intestines. A minority population of the right type might hold the key to regulating good health.”
“Changes in gut bacterial growth rates may be linked to onset of diseases, such as type 2 diabetes or irritable bowel syndrome, for example, according to research published in the journal Science“.
“Bacteria and their essential ecosystem inside the guts of human body functions like a jungle, where there is a strong competition among various microbes which serve the purpose to maintain the necessary stability of their ecosystem, this eventually proves beneficial for the humans as such competition keep us healthy”.
“Study published in Cell Press claimed that after a roughly 20-minute meal, a certain protein is released by common human gut bacteria Escherichia coli that suppress appetite response in the brain. A single body is home to an estimated 100 trillion bacteria, and almost three-quarters of which stay in the digestive system. However, these bacteria including E. Coli are no here for trouble as many are benign, and some are believed to be essential, particularly in processing nutrients and warding off infection.”